Simply stated, active sitting is the exact opposite of what is experienced in a reclining lounge chair. In this type of chair, you literally do not have to move a muscle and that is why resting in one often leads to sleep. Frequent, prolonged, supported, non-moving sitting, even if you are not reclined, can lead to lots of problems- decreased strength especially of core postural muscles, general deconditioning (loss of endurance to maintain the state of being active), muscle tightness and a lack of flexibility that can lead to aches and pains, reduced blood circulation and generalized “brain fog”. Have you heard enough? If you or a person you know has special needs and begins at a place with health issues and physical limitations, this list can take on even greater significance when thinking about overall wellbeing of body and mind.
Active sitting on the other hand, is defined as sitting on a seat that allows or encourages the sitter to be active while sitting. Active sitting, also called dynamic sitting, refers to the concept that movement while sitting can be beneficial to the wellbeing of the human body and ultimately improve its ability to function. This is true for every body.